Ashta means number 8 and Shata means 100 in Sanskrit numbering system. So Ashtottara Shatanamavali literally means 108 names in an ordered list. Ashtottara Shatanamavali are there for all the major Gods and Goddesses. So Shiva Ashtottara Shatanamavali means 108 names corresponding to Lord Shiva.
As per Hinduism and numerology, the number 9 is a sacred and mystical number, In the astrology, there are the 9 planets or nava grahas, the human body has 9 holes or 9 doors, the human fetus lives in the mother`s womb for 9 months etc. The Sree Yantra is made with the interjection of 4 upward and downward triangles and a total 9 of triangles. The Rama Navami and Nava Durga festivals are celebrated for 9 days.
So multiples of 9 are sacred, that is why the Mahabharata has 18 chapters, the Mahabharata war lasted for 18 days. There were total 18 armies in Kurukshetra battlei.e 11 from Kauravas and 7 from the Pandavas. The Bhagavat Gita contains 18 Chapters. There are 18 Puranas and 108 Upanishads. That is the reason 108 is a scared number, it is a multiple of number 9 or the number 108 is divisible of 9.
Hence there are 108 names for each Gods and Goddesses and praying with 108 names are 108 paths to reach that particular deity for their blessing.
Generally 108 names of deities are explanations of their Physical appearance, their forms, special powers, characteristics and what that particular god or goddess is associated that is wisdom, power, wealth etc, what is their Vahana or vehicle, some mythological incident that happened, their role, special powers, flags, the weapons they carry, their dressing, the ornaments they wear, who their son or daughter or husband or wife is and the demons they killed as per their avatar.
Vishnu is one of the fundamental deities of Hindu mythology. He is the preserver god of Hindu trinity and protects the universe from being destroyed and keeps it going.
Goddess Lakshmi is the consort of the god Vishnu. She is one of the most popular goddesses of Hindu mythology and is known as the goddess of wealth, beauty and purity.
Lord Shiva is known as the god of mercy and compassion. He protects the devotees from worldly evils such as lust, greed, and anger. He grants boons, bestows grace and awakens wisdom.
Sitting astride a lion or tiger, Goddess Durga battles the forces of evil in the world and protects her devotees. She is the consort of Lord Shiva.
Lord Sri Rama is the 7th avatar of the God Vishnu and the King of Ayodhya. Lord Rama ruled the kingdom of Ayodhya for eleven thousand years
Goddess Sita is the consort of Lord Rama. She is an avatar of Goddess Lakshmi. She is also She is considered as the Earth Goddess.
Lord Sri Krishna is the most broadly worshiped and one of the most prominent Hindu god. He is the eighth manifestation or avatar of the Hindu god Vishnu.
Goddess Saraswati is the consort of Lord Brahma, the creator. Goddess Saraswati is hailed as the Goddess of learning, learning, wisdom, music, and aesthetics in Hindu mythology.
Lord Ganesha, the elephant-headed Hindu god of beginnings is traditionally worshiped and invoked before any major events. He is known as the remover of obstacles.
Lord Aiyappa is the son of Vishnu and Shiva. To save the world from annihilation, Lord Vishnu incarnated as Mohini, and married Shiva. Lord Ayyappa was born out of this union.
Lord Murugan or Kartikeya is the son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Lord Murugan manifested for the sole purpose of killing Tarakasura.
Lord Hanuman is likely one of the most celebrated and respected figures in the Hindu Mythology. He is an incarnation of Lord Shiva and the son of the wind god Vayu.
Lord Vishnu manifested himself as Lord Venkateswara or Balaji. Lord Balaji is known as Kaliyuga Pratyaksha Daivam or the manifested lord of the Kali age which is the present age.
Lord Narasimha was the fourth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Maha Vishnu took this Avatar to eradicate evil demon Hiranyakasipu.
Lord Kubera is known as Dhanapati or the Hindu God of Wealth. He is the king of all Yakshas and the chief treasurer of the heavens.
Lord Shasta is the name of a Hindu deity. He is identified with many deities like Aiyanar and Ayyappa.
Lord Shani is the son of Surya or Sun God and Chhaya or the shadow goddess. Lord Shani is the God of Justice in Hindu religion.
Lord Surya, The Sun God is the foremost of nine Navagrahas or planets. Lord Surya gives knowledge, divinity and performance.
Lord Chandra is connected to the moon and Chandra became the god of the moon after his mother swallowed it. He is revered as a god of fertility. He has the power to give life to all creatures..
Goddess Ganga is the Hindu Goddess of the holy Ganges river, who purifies with her touch. She is daughter of King Himavat and Queen Menaka.
Gayatri Devi is an incarnation of Saraswati Devi, consort of Lord Brahma. Gayatri devi is known as Veda Mata i.e. the mother of all Four Vedas.
Mangala Gauri is an avatar of Goddess Parvati. Mangala Gauri is worshipped by married ladies for the well-being of their husbands.
Tulsi or Tulasi is an incarnation of the Goddess Lakshmi. Tulsi is the sacred plant holy basil in Hindu belief.
Lord SatyaNarayana is a form of Lord Vishnu who is commonly worshipped by Hindu families, usually on a full moon day of the month or when entering a new home. Reciting Satya Narayana Ashtottara Shatanamavali and 108 names will help for a peaceful and prosperous home environment.
Navagraha Samuchaya means the collection of 9 navagrahas or 9 planets. They are Surya, Chandra, Mangala, Budha, Bṛhaspati, Shukra, Shani, Rahu and Ketu. Reciting Navagrahanaam Samuchaya Ashtottara Shatanamavali and 108 names will help for a the blessings of the 9 planets or navagrahas.
Sai Baba, popularly known as Shri Satya Sai Baba of Puttaparthi was a saint, who believed that all faiths lead to one God. He is believed to be a reincarnation of Shirdi Sai Baba.
Mata Amritanandamayī Devī, better referred to just as Amma ("Mother"), is an Indian Hindu Indian Hindu spiritual leader, guru and humanitarian. She is adored as an embracing saint by her disciples.